• Portrait of a Young Woman (4 Fragments of a Fayum Portrait)

    Technique:
    tempera

Portrait of a Young Woman (4 Fragments of a Fayum Portrait)

Created: Egypt. Second half of 2nd century

Found:

In the 1st century AD a new type of portrait appeared in Egypt – the mummy portrait. A wooden panel bearing a bust-length portrait of the deceased was inserted into the wrappings of the mummy, from which it gazed out as if through a window. The portraits were created in the encaustic technique in which the pigments were mixed with hot beeswax. By the time the mummy portrait appeared, Egypt had already been in the power of Greek and then Roman rulers for more than three centuries, and this type of art is characterized by a combination of Egyptian and Greco-Roman traditions. The Egyptian features were the mummification of the dead and the idea that their faces should be covered by a portrait depiction. The painted head-and-shoulders portrait is a Roman tradition. The encaustic technique was adopted from Greek art. Greco-Roman, too, were the canons for the depiction of a person in the mummy portraits, including the clothing, hairstyle and jewellery. At the same time, the majority of mummy portraits lack the vivid individuality of the Egyptian portrait. Created in accordance with particular canons, they were more an expression of ideal beauty. On the other hand, the artist paid great attention to the depiction of details, often carefully painting in the eyelashes, locks and curls of hair, the clothing and the adornments. This portrait was painted on a panel made up of several parts. It depicts a young woman with facial features depicted in keeping with the Greek canons. We can see the upper part of her white and red clothing. The depiction is typical for mummy portraits: a regular attractive face that is at the same time devoid of any striking individual features.

Title:

Portrait of a Young Woman (4 Fragments of a Fayum Portrait)

Place:

Material:

Technique:

tempera

Inventory Number:

ДВ-2964

Collection:

Subcollection: